"The framers of the constitution knew human nature as well as we do. They too had lived in dangerous days; they too knew the suffocating influence of orthodoxy and standardized thought. They weighed the compulsions for restrained speech and thought against the abuses of liberty. They chose liberty." ~ Justice William O. Douglas
Chains of Slavery
Political parties ' comprised of incumbents, candidates, voters, agendas, special interests, and platforms ' are the tools that the State uses to forge the chains of slavery for its citizens. The popular fiction of differences between political parties also perpetuates the enduring myth that citizens have only one means of governing themselves ' by voting for a proxy. Not only is this notion patently false, the only real winner in the game is the State itself. The entire process consists of nothing more than mass delusion every time an election is held.
Political parties are very useful tools of the State, which is why they exist in the first place. Political parties can accomplish what the nebulous State cannot achieve by itself without bloodshed. Primary missions of political parties include: a.) transferring power from the people to the State; b.) pandering to special interests; c.) seizing and holding power; d.) crushing all competition; e.) fostering and maintaining the illusion that voters are governing themselves; f.) spreading propaganda; g.) demonizing the perceived political enemy of the day; and h.) lending some semblance of legitimacy to the State, however imaginary.
The Founders eschewed political parties, fearing the worst, and rightly so. John F. Bibby writes, 'When the founders of the American republic wrote the U.S. Constitution in 1787, they did not envision a role for political parties in the governmental order. Indeed, they sought through various constitutional arrangements such as separation of powers, checks and balances, and indirect election of the president by an electoral college to insulate the new republic from political parties and factions. In spite of the founders' intentions, the United States was the first nation to develop parties organized on a national basis and to transfer executive power from one faction to another via an election in 1800.' [Emphasis added.]
'Many of America's Founding Fathers hated the thought of political parties, quarreling 'factions' they were sure would be more interested in contending with each other than in working for the common good. They wanted individual citizens to vote for individual candidates, without the interference of organized groups ' but this was not to be.
'By the 1790s, different views of the new country's proper course had already developed, and those who held these opposing views tried to win support for their cause by banding together . . . . By , parties were well established as the country's dominant political organizations, and party allegiance had become an important part of most people's consciousness. Party loyalty was passed from fathers to sons, and party activities ' including spectacular campaign events, complete with uniformed marching groups and torchlight parades ' were a part of the social life of many communities.' [Emphasis added.]
Does this sound vaguely familiar? It should because just 60 years later Adolf Hitler used these same American political party methods to great success.
'The 25 points of the NSDAP Program were composed by Adolf Hitler and Anton Drexler. They were publicly presented on 24 February 1920 "to a crowd of almost two thousand and every single point was accepted amid jubilant approval.". . . Hitler explained their purpose in the fifth chapter of the second volume of Mein Kampf: The program of the new movement was summed up in a few guiding principles, twenty-five in all. They were devised to give, primarily to the man of the people, a rough picture of the movement's aims. They are in a sense a political creed, which on the one hand recruits for the movement and on the other is suited to unite and weld together by a commonly recognized obligation those who have been recruited.
'Hitler was intent on having a community of mutual interest that desired mutual success instead of one that was divided over the control of money or differing values.
THE COMMON INTEREST BEFORE SELF-INTEREST--THAT IS THE SPIRIT OF THE PROGRAM. BREAKING OF THE THRALDOM OF INTEREST - THAT IS THE KERNEL OF NATIONAL SOCIALISM.
'In these straightforward statements of intent, Hitler translated his ideology into a plan of action which would prove its popularity with the German people throughout the coming years. For many, the abruptness of its departure from the tradition of politics as practiced in the western world was as much of a shock as its liberal nature and foresight of the emerging problems of western democracy.'
Of course, common interest is merely code for special interest and self-interest must fall to party loyalty. Once that is achieved it is a short step to swearing loyalty oaths to the party leader himself.
Propaganda is not only a primary mission of political parties, it is the best means of achieving the political goals of the party, as Hitler wrote in Mein Kampf. The NSDAP was largely successful due to the extensive propaganda machine that it employed.
In 1931, Joseph Goebbels wrote in his 'Will and Way' article, 'Political methods always presume a political goal. Only when the goal is crystal clear and unchangeable is it possible to determine the foundations of practical work. The means one uses to reach the goal is political will.
'There are a variety of ways to gain power. There are illegal means to gain power through brute force; one can also gain power legally by winning a majority in an election. There are revolutions, Putsches, uprisings. But each of these methods requires a political group to win the sympathies of the broad masses, if it wishes over the long run to maintain its power. But the sympathy of the people does not come of itself; it must be won.
'The means of gaining that support is propaganda . . . . The goal of propaganda is to make what the theorists have discovered clear to the broad masses . . . . The great accomplishment of the National Socialist movement is that it created a synthesis of both elements [will and way] of the art of politics.'
Hitler was among the least likely of individuals to rise to power when he did. He was unimposing, a poor student, flat broke, and a failed painter. He lived like a bum for months on the streets of Vienna and he had no special gifts, other than an ability to speak in public. If not for the NSDAP, he would have gone nowhere. It was a political party that enabled Hitler to rise to power.
"Of what importance is all that, if I range men firmly within a discipline they cannot escape? Let them own land or factories as much as they please. The decisive factor is that the State, through the Party, is supreme over them regardless of whether they are owners or workers. All that is unessential; our socialism goes far deeper. It establishes a relationship of the individual to the State, the national community. Why need we trouble to socialize banks and factories? We socialize human beings." [Emphasis added.]
Hitler was much smarter than most Americans are today. He at least understood that the political party is the tool that the State uses to forge the chains of slavery for its citizens.