"The principle that the majority have a right to rule the minority, practically resolves all government into a mere contest between two bodies of men, as to which of them shall be masters, and which of them slaves; a contest, that -- however bloody -- can, in the nature of things, never be finally closed, so long as man refuses to be a slave." ~ Lysander Spooner
Libertarianism in 42 Words, 9 Premises and 4 Conclusions
Column by Jakub Bozydar Wisniewski.
Exclusive to STR
1. Intention presupposes liberty.
2. Morality presupposes intention.
3. Property presupposes morality.
4. Exchange requires property.
5. Efficiency requires exchange.
6. Well-being requires efficiency.
7. Coercion negates liberty.
8. Coercion negates morality. (From (1), (2) and (7).)
9. Coercion negates efficiency. (From (3), (4), (5) and (8).)
10. Coercion negates well-being. (From (6) and (9).)
11. Morality, efficiency and well-being constitute humanity.
12. States require coercion.
13. States negate humanity. (From (8), (9), (10), (11) and (12).)
Jakub Bozydar Wisniewski is a philosophy graduate from the University of Cambridge, a three-time summer fellow at the Mises Institute, and a three-time fellow at the Institute for Humane Studies, currently working on a PhD in Austrian Economics in London. He has published in, among others, Independent Review, Libertarian Papers, Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, and Reason Papers. Visit his blog at jakubw.com
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